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2 edition of Response of cereal roots grown in mist culture to barley yellow dwarf virus found in the catalog.

Response of cereal roots grown in mist culture to barley yellow dwarf virus

Mark Steven Kainz

Response of cereal roots grown in mist culture to barley yellow dwarf virus

by Mark Steven Kainz

  • 169 Want to read
  • 16 Currently reading

Published .
Written in English

    Subjects:
  • Cereal rusts.,
  • Barley yellow dwarf viruses.

  • Edition Notes

    Statementby Mark Steven Kainz.
    The Physical Object
    Paginationviii, 44 leaves :
    Number of Pages44
    ID Numbers
    Open LibraryOL16501823M

      Barley yellow dwarf virus (BYDV) caused one of the most serious virus diseases of wheat (Triticum aestivum) worldwide. The wheat–Thinopyrum intermedium translocation line YW carries BYDV resistance gene Bdv2. To explore resistant wheat resistome in response to BYDV infection, we used Affymetrix GeneChip® Wheat Genome Arrays to analyze transcriptomes of YW and its Cited by: Genus Luteovirus. Symptoms: The symptoms of barley yellow dwarf (BYDV) vary with the affected crop cultivar, the age of the plant at the time of infection, the strain of the virus, and environmental conditions. Symptoms often are masked by or confused with other problems. Affected plants show a yellowing (picture at right) or reddening (on oats and some wheats) of leaves, stunting, an upright.

    Barley yellow dwarf is an aphid-transmitted virus disease of wheat, barley, oat, and other small grains. The virus survives in most common grain aphids (including bird cherry-oat aphid, English grain aphid, rose-grain aphid, corn leaf aphid, and greenbug) and on numerous cereal and grass hosts. VIRUS PROBLEMS OF SWEET CORN Thomas A. Zitter Professor, Department of Plant Pathology Cornell University Ithaca, New York May, Abstract Barley yellow dwarf virus (BYDV) and Cereal yellow dwarf virus (CYDV) are two aphid-vectored, viral disease which most typically strikes small grains, especially barley, oats, and Size: KB.

    Studies on barley yellow dwarf virus (BYDV) in wheat Meixue Zhou1, Philip Larkin2, Mark Schwinghamer3, Brenda Coutts4, Craig Birchall3, Peter Johnson1, Guy Westmore5, Bret Davey1 1 University of Tasmania, Tasmanian Institute of Agriculture, P.O. Kings Meadows, TAS , [email protected] Size: KB.   1. Mol Plant Pathol. Jul 1;3(4) Barley yellow dwarf virus: Luteoviridae or Tombusviridae? Miller WA(1), Liu S, Beckett R. Author information: (1) Bessey Hall, Iowa State University, Ames, Iowa , USA. Summary Barley yellow dwarf virus (BYDV), the most economically important virus of small grains, features highly specialised relationships with its aphid vectors, a Cited by:


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Response of cereal roots grown in mist culture to barley yellow dwarf virus by Mark Steven Kainz Download PDF EPUB FB2

Barley yellow dwarf virus and Cereal yellow dwarf virus quantification by real-time polymerase chain reaction in resistant and susceptible plants.

Phyto-pathology Reliable detection and quantification of barley and cereal yellow dwarf viruses (YDVs) is a critical component in managing yellow dwarf diseases in small grain cereal crops. this disease are now categorized in two virus genera, Barley yellow dwarf virus of genus Luteovirus and Cereal yellow dwarf virus of genus Polerovirus, both in the family Luteoviridae (van Regenmortel et al.

In previous publications, the disease was called Barley Yellow Dwarf (e.g. D’Arcy and Burnett ). To accommodate new virus. Management Tips to Avoid Yield Penalties: Growers in high rainfall zones should be proactive and develop a Barley Yellow Dwarf Virus (BYDV) management plan which includes crop monitoring, green bridge management, foliar pesticide sprays and pre-sowing seed treatment.

These actions will control aphid populations which spread BYDV. The yellow dwarf virus of cereals has been divided into two groups, barley yellow dwarf virus (BYDV) and cereal yellow dwarf virus (CYDV). Yellow Dwarf Virus is spread to cereal crops from infected perennial grasses by cereal aphid vectors.

Cereal aphids pick up the virus while feeding from vascular tissues of. Barley yellow dwarf virus (BYDV) and cereal yellow dwarf virus (CYDV) are found damaging cereal crops worldwide.

They infect wheat, barley, oats and grasses and are transmitted by aphids. These viruses are not seed-borne and persist from one growing season to the next in oversummering grasses.

BYDV and CYDV infection decreases grain yield and also causes shrivelled grain. Biology. Barley yellow dwarf virus (BYDV) is a positive sense single-stranded RNA virus; the viron is not enveloped in a lipid coating. The virus is transmitted by aphids, and the taxonomy of the virus is based on genome organisation, serotype differences and on the primary aphid vector of each isolate.

The isolates and their major vectors (in parentheses) are:Family: Luteoviridae. Barley yellow dwarf (BYD) is caused by a number of different strains of Barley yellow dwarf virus (BYDV) and cereal yellow dwarf virus (CYDV). These viruses can infect more than different grass species includ-ing wheat, oats, barley, rice, and corn.

Several aphid species transmit the viruses. Once an aphid contracts the virus by feeding on File Size: KB. Needham Ag - Barley Yellow Dwarf Virus In Wheat - Duration: NeedhamAg views. How To Rake (Bag) Leaves - the EASY WAY. - Duration: David's Tutorials Recommended for you. America to designate the disease and its infectious to recover the virus from corn to corn, corn to barley, or causative viral agent.

Elsewhere the terms "cereal corn to oats in serial transfers. Watson and Mulligan in yellows" or "cereal yellow dwarf" and "cereal yellow England (27) reported that transmission of a. Relationships of Barley yellow dwarf virus -PAV and Cereal yellow dwarf virus -RPV from Iran with viruses of the family Luteoviridae Article in European Journal of Plant Pathology (3) Cereal Yellow Dwarf Virus The barley yellcM dwarf' disease was first reported by Oswald and Houst (32) in from California where it was the cause of a severe epiphytotic in barley, oats and wheat.

Since then, the presence of the barley yellow dwarf virus (BWV) in all the small grain growing areas of the United States (2, 13, 49) has been estab. Barley yellow dwarf virus infection (BYDV) often results in substantial yield losses in susceptible cereal crops.

Major symptoms of BYDV infection in cereals include plant dwarfing and colour. The yellow dwarf viruses (YDVs) of the Luteoviridae family represent the most widespread group of cereal viruses worldwide. They include the Barley yellow dwarf viruses (BYDVs) of genus Luteovirus, the Cereal yellow dwarf viruses (CYDVs) and Wheat yellow dwarf virus (WYDV) of genus of these viruses are obligately aphid transmitted and by:   Kainz M, Hendrix W () Response of cereal roots to barley yellow dwarf virus infection in a mist culture.

Phytopathology Google Scholar Kaiser J () Breeding a by: 2. Barley yellow dwarf (BYD) disease occurs in most grain growing regions of the U.S.

where barley, maize, oats, rye, and wheat are cultivated. This disease is the most widely distributed and economically most important virus disease of wheat. Yield losses up to 20% have been reported. The name, barley yellow dwarf, describes the typical symptoms of an infected barley plant.

Barley yellow dwarf is most frequently a serious problem in southeast Kansas, but the disease is rarely a serious issue in northwest Kansas.

The occurrence of barley yellow dwarf is sporadic in other areas of the state. Symptoms The primary symptoms of barley yellow dwarf are stunting and yellow or red discoloration of the leaf tips (Figure 1). Oswald JW; Thung TH, The barley yellow dwarf virus disease on cereal crops in the Netherlands.

Phytopathology, Panayotou PC, Occurrence of barley yellow dwarf virus in Greece. Phytopathologia Mediterranea, 19(2/3) Papp M; Mesterházy ¦, Vasdinyei R. Gáborjányi R, Yellow Dwarf of Wheat, Barley, and Oats. Yellow dwarf is considered the most economically devastating virus disease of small grains worldwide.

Outbreaks occasionally reach epidemic proportions in some parts of Nebraska, as occurred in wheat and oats in and Barley yellow dwarf virus (also called cereal yellow dwarf) is caused by a group of closely related strains of a Luteovirus.

It is probably the most widely distributed and most destructive virus disease of cereals. Yield loss is greatest from infection early in the growing season which can be up to 80 percent in severe cases where a susceptible variety has become infected soon after sowing.

ARLEY yellow dwarf (BYD) is a viral disease that affects cereal crops worldwide. This disease effects nearly all members of the Gramineae family; however, no dicot plants serve as hosts for the virus (Burnett, ).

Annually, yield losses due to BYD are estimated at 1 to 3% (Burnett, ). It is difficult to quantify yield losses to BYD in Author: Elliott W.

Rounds. Brown, J. K., Wyatt, S. D., and Hazelwood, D. Irrigated corn as a source of barley yellow dwarf virus and vectors in eastern Washingto Phytopathology Barley yellow dwarf virus (BYDV) causes economic loss in winter grain percent of the R.

padicollected from corn in .Specifically, Barley yellow dwarf virus particles were used as a bait to identify aphid factors involved in virus recognition (Li et al ).

Another protein proposed to be an important interactor for transmission of these viruses was GroEL, a chaperonin encoded by the Buchnera endosymbiotic bacteria of aphids (van den Heuvel et al Symptoms caused by four isolates of barley yellow dwarf virus in single plants of Coast Black oats 56 days after inoculation by Rhopalosiphum maidis(RMV), R.

padi(RPV and PAV) and Macrosiphum avenue(MAV). H is a comparable healthy plant originally infested with virus-free aphids as a control. Photograph by H. H. Lyon, Jr.